Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Faculties and programs of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, entry requirements, admission process, study cost at MIT and other facts
The institution was founded on April 10, 1861, two days before the start of the Civil War. The idea of establishing a new polytechnic institute came from natural philosophy professor William Barton Rogers, who later became president of MIT.
Rogers wanted to create a university in which the teaching method was different from other universities: the professor believed that science was developing rapidly, and the classical principles of teaching could not keep up with the real economic situation.
The first classes started in 1865. At first, MIT was located in the Back Bay area of Boston, but in 1916 the university moved to Cambridge. The institute was favorably different from other universities because of its practical orientation, within a short time it became a leader in the field of engineering.
The beaver was chosen as the institute’s mascot, due to the rodent’s natural talent for engineering.
The war and post-war periods were very productive for MIT. The academic institution has become a platform for military research. During the Cold War, MIT students took an anti-war position.
They went on strike demanding that the Massachusetts Institute of Technology stop all military research. The students were listened to, the military laboratories were renamed, but as a result the government drastically cut university funding. However, this had little effect on his later achievements. Today, MIT is considered the world’s leading engineering university.
For over a century and a half, this educational institution has been and continues to be an innovator in the field of engineering, high technology and artificial intelligence. Also, it was where Ellen Swallow Richards studied in the 19th century – the first American woman to attend and graduate from a polytechnic institute.
Versatility MIT is primarily known as a leading research engineering university, but humanities and economics majors also receive high-quality training here. The institute consistently ranks high in international rankings in the field of business and management: 1st place in THE, 4th place in QS.
Scholarships and Grants.
Along with many of America’s top universities, Massachusetts Institute of Technology has a need-based system. This means that talented students will not be deterred by high tuition costs. Based on the student’s family income, MIT provides scholarships to all in need.
Accommodation on campus.
The university guarantees on-campus accommodation for its students for four years of study and in some cases even longer. Ten residences for bachelors students, six hostels for masters and doctoral students, two housing complexes for student families, and additional housing options from student associations make housing as accessible as possible for students. are
Opportunity to participate in research.
MIT has the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP), which allows students to participate in applied research with faculty members while they are pursuing a bachelor’s degree. In some cases, work done under UROP is also paid.
Faculties of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MIT has five schools. Unlike many American universities, MIT does not limit its schools to graduate programs: they also oversee bachelor’s studies. Schools are divided into departments, which are assigned numbers to indicate their respective courses, or programs.
Most students attend engineering school – about 70% bachelors and 45% masters and doctoral students. It is followed by the School of Science and the School of Management. The most popular specializations include computer science, physics, electronic engineering, mathematics and biology.
The newly formed MIT Schwarzman College of Computing has a special status. Being a brand new unit that is interacting with all the schools of MIT, the college does not accept students yet, but plans to open new programs in the field of artificial intelligence in the future as well as create interdisciplinary programs from existing courses. has a plan.
The main campus is located in Cambridge, which stretches approximately 2 km along the Charles River Basin. Over 30% of the population are MIT and Harvard students, making Cambridge a true student city.
Bicycles are popular here, the city has several subway stations and is connected to nearby megalopolises by railway lines and bus routes. The campus has more than 30 parks and squares, as well as more than 60 works of art in public spaces.
Massachusetts Avenue roughly divides the campus into two parts: academic buildings—to the east, dormitories and other infrastructure—to the west. The historic MacLauren buildings remain the center of MIT, built in 1916 and connected by underground tunnels.
At the beginning of the XXI century, a few additions designed by renowned architects Frank Gehry, Stephen Hall and Fumihiko Maki were built. The new buildings are distinct, their modern form very much in keeping with the classical architecture of Boston’s collection.
In their academic and research endeavors, MIT students have access to state-of-the-art equipment, including high-tech laboratories and co-working spaces. Special equipment on the campus includes 3D printers, lasers, wind tunnels, drones and robot testing laboratories. A special role in the development of research and entrepreneurship is played by interdisciplinary structures such as the MIT Media Laboratory, the Koch Institute for Integrated Cancer Research, the MIT.nano nano-laboratory and others.
Cambridge’s vibrant neighborhoods are located around the MIT campus, including Kendall Square, a hub of industry and innovative research. Many major IT companies are located here.
In the near future, the institute plans to use the Kendal area to build new facilities: an open space for public events, a museum, a bookstore, admissions office buildings, a new family dormitory, etc.